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Identity Status, Gender, and Social Comparison Among Young Adults

Journal article
Authors Fanny Gyberg
Ann Frisén
Published in Identity - An International Journal of Theory and Research
Volume 17
Issue 4
Pages 239-252
ISSN 1528-3488
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 239-252
Language en
Keywords Gender, Identity domains, Identity status, Social comparison, Young adulthood
Subject categories Psychology


The aim of this study was to investigate identity status globally and across identity domains among young Swedish adult women and men. Also, potential differences in social comparison among identity statuses were evaluated. The results showed that most of the 124 participants (50% women, Mage 33.29 years) were assigned to an achieved global identity and had made identity-defining commitments across domains. Gender differences in identity status were found in the occupational and parenthood domains. In addition, differences in social comparison orientation were found only in the parenthood domain, whereas those assigned to moratorium scored higher in social comparison than did those assigned to foreclosure and diffusion. These results bring important knowledge to our understanding of identity during young adulthood.

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