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Subjective Mental Health, Peer Relations, Family, and School Environment in Adolescents with Intellectual Developmental Disorder: A First Report of a New Questionnaire Administered on Tablet PCs

Journal article
Authors Petra Boström
Jakob Åsberg Johnels
Maria Thorson
Malin Broberg
Published in Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume 9
Issue 4
Pages 207-231
ISSN 1931-5864
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology
Department of Psychology
Pages 207-231
Language en
Links www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.108...
Keywords Child report, family, intellectual disability, mental health, mental ill-health, peer relations, proxy, school, self-report measures, difficulties questionnaire, disabilities, children, people, reliability, strengths, validity, youths, needs, Education & Educational Research, Psychiatry, Rehabilitation
Subject categories Psychology

Abstract

Few studies have explored the subjective mental health of adolescents with intellectual disabilities, while proxy ratings indicate an overrepresentation of mental health problems. The present study reports on the design and an initial empirical evaluation of the Well-being in Special Education Questionnaire (WellSEQ). Questions, response scales, and an application for tablet PCs were developed in cooperation with students and teachers in special education schools. One hundred and thirteen students (age 12-16) and their parents and teachers participated. Positive results in terms of test-retest reliability, internal consistency of scales, and response rates were obtained. Level of reading appeared to affect the students' understanding of items. Teachers' and parents' ratings on the WellSEQ correlated well with established measures. Correlations between proxy ratings and students' reports varied. The questionnaire and technology of WellSEQ may enable students with IDD to participate independently in research with good completion rates and reliable responding.

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