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Pubertal height gain is inversely related to peak BMI in childhood.

Journal article
Authors Anton Holmgren
Aimon Niklasson
Andreas F M Nierop
Lars Gelander
A Stefan Aronson
Agneta Sjöberg
Lauren Lissner
Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland
Published in Pediatric research
Volume 81
Issue 3
Pages 448–454
ISSN 1530-0447
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Physiology
Institute of Medicine
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science
Pages 448–454
Language en
Subject categories Pediatrics


BackgroundChildhood BMI may influence subsequent growth in height as well as the timing of puberty. The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between BMI in childhood and subsequent height gain/pubertal growth.MethodsLongitudinal growth data were used (GrowUp1990 Gothenburg cohort, n=1901). The QEPS growth-model was used to characterize height gain in relation to the highest BMISDS value between 3.5 and 8 years of age. Children were defined as overweight/obese (OwOb) or normal weight/underweight (NwUw), using the 2012 International Obesity Task Force criteria.ResultsA negative association between childhood BMISDS and pubertal height gain was observed. Already at birth, OwOb children were heavier than NwUw children, and had a greater height velocity during childhood. Onset of puberty was 3.5/3.0 months earlier in OwOb girls/boys, and they had 2.3/3.1 cm less pubertal height gain from the QEPS-models specific P-function than NwUw children. Adult height was not related to childhood BMI.ConclusionWe found that pubertal height gain was inversely related to peak BMI in childhood. Higher childhood BMISDS was associated with more growth before onset of puberty, earlier puberty and less pubertal height gain, resulting in similar adult heights for OwOb and NwUw children.

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