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The allergic march comprises the coexistence of related patterns of allergic disease not just the progressive development of one disease

Journal article
Authors Emma Goksör
Petra Loid
Bernt Alm
Nils Åberg
Göran Wennergren
Published in Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume 105
Pages 1472-1479
ISSN 0803-5253
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 1472-1479
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.13515
Keywords Allergic march, Allergic rhinitis, Asthma, Eczema, Food allergy
Subject categories Pediatrics

Abstract

©2016 The Authors. Acta Pædiatrica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Foundation Acta PædiatricaAim: This study explored the development and comorbidity of allergic diseases by analysing the relationship between allergic manifestations in infancy and at the age of 8. Methods: We included 5654 children born in Sweden in 2003 in a longitudinal study. Parents answered postal questionnaires when the children were six months and one, four-and-a-half and eight years of age. Results: The response rate at eight years was 4051 (71.6%), and we analysed 3382 children with complete data. The number of manifestations in infancy increased the risk of allergic disease at eight years of age: 72% of children with one early manifestation were symptom free at 8, compared to 45% with two or more manifestations. Similar manifestations occurred in infancy and at the age of 8, for example recurrent wheeze increased the risk of doctor-diagnosed asthma by an adjusted odds ratio of 6.5. Eczema and food allergy independently increased the risk of all four allergic manifestations at eight years. Conclusion: Allergic disease at the age of 8 was related to the number of allergic manifestations in infancy. Manifestations were similar at both ages, suggesting an allergic march with the coexistence of disease patterns rather than the progressive development of one disease.

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