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A review of contamination of surface-, ground-, and drinking water in Sweden by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs)

Review article
Authors Stefan Banzhaf
Marko Filipovic
Jeffrey Lewis
Charlotte Sparrenbom
Roland Barthel
Published in Ambio
Volume 46
Issue 3
Pages 335-346
ISSN 0044-7447
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 335-346
Language en
Keywords AFFF, PFAA, PFAS, PFOS, Firefighting foam, Groundwater
Subject categories Geosciences, Multidisciplinary, Hydrology, Water in nature and society, Persistent organic compounds


Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are found in aquatic systems, flora, and fauna worldwide. These potentially harmful compounds are also frequently detected in Sweden and have already resulted in severe problems for public drinking water supply, i.e., some wells had to be closed due to high PFAS concentrations both in raw water and produced drinking water. Knowledge on PFAS occurrence in Sweden is still quite low, although monitoring is currently ongoing. This work describes potential sources for PFASs to enter the drinking water supply in Sweden and compares different occurrences of PFASs in raw and drinking water in the country. Moreover, the monitoring history, the legal situation, and remediation actions taken are presented. Finally, future challenges and the way forward in Sweden are discussed.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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