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Hamburg-Bremens kyrkorättsliga ställning i Norden från grundläggningen till upprättandet av Lunds kyrkoprovins

Magazine article
Authors Henrik Janson
Published in Bibliotheca Theologiae Practicae
Volume 97
Pages 289-306
ISSN 0519-9859
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Historical Studies
Pages 289-306
Language sv
Subject categories History and Archaeology, Legal history, History, Church history


"The Scandinavian Jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Hamburg-Bremen from its Foundation to the Establishment of the Ecclesiastical Province of Lund" This article examines the archiepiscopal rights in Scandinavia of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen from the time of Ansgar to the establishment of the ecclesiastical province of Lund. It follows the track of the rejections of the claims of Archbishop Adalbert (1043–72) around 1060 by the Norwegian and the Swedish royal courts, the latter pointing to a lack of ’confirmation by the Pope’ or even ’the Pope’s seal’, sygillum apostolici. By examining the only privileges preserved in their original to modern times – those of Clement II from 1047 and Leo IX from 1053 – and following the trail of the documents to which they refer back to Ansgar’s time, it is shown that the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen never had any archiepiscopal rights in Scandinavia. Even the mighty Archbishop Adalbert, who indeed referred to himself as ‘archbishop of all the northern nations’ (universarum septentrionalium nationum archiepiscopus), and tried hard to implement this power over all of Scandinavia, actually lacked these rights. That is why not even his close ally Sweyn II Estridsson accepted these claims, and why finally also the papal curia under Gregory VII, in a letter to the Swedish king in 1080, openly referred to these claims as founded on ‘alien documents’, aliena documenta. In connection with this it is shown that the idea that Ansgar never was Archbishop of Hamburg but only ‘missionary Archbishop of Bremen’ from the year 864, can be safely refuted, and so also the further hypotheses based on this argument, such as the dismissal of the foundation document of Louis the Pious for Hamburg from 15 May 834 as a forgery."

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