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Globalization and school enrollment in a panel of countries

Journal article
Authors Heather Congdon Fors
Published in Journal of International Trade and Economic Development
Volume 26
Issue 3
Pages 295 -315
ISSN 0963-8199
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Economics
Pages 295 -315
Language en
Keywords Globalization, information, human capital, panel data
Subject categories Economics


As the process of globalization has gained momentum in the past few decades, so too has interest in the effects of globalization on various socioeconomic outcomes grown. In this paper, I investigate the relationship between globalization and primary school enrollment. Both the economic globalization and social globalization measures from the KOF Index of Globalization are utilized in the analysis in order to capture the broad nature of globalization. The results of the panel data analysis indicate that there is a weak relationship between economic globalization and primary school enrollment, whereas the relationship between social globalization and primary school enrollment is both robust and highly significant. Examining the data by groups of countries indicates that relationship between economic globalization and school enrollment is positive and significant in Latin America and the Caribbean and in Asia, while it is weakly negative in Eastern Europe. The positive relationship between social globalization and school enrollment on the other hand is driven by countries in Latin America and the Caribbean and the Middle East and Africa.

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