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Voice rehabilitation for laryngeal cancer patients: Functional outcomes and patient perceptions

Journal article
Authors Liza Bergström
E. C. Ward
Caterina Finizia
Published in The Laryngoscope
Volume 126
Issue 9
Pages 2029-2035
ISSN 0023-852X
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Otorhinolaryngology
Pages 2029-2035
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.25919
Keywords radiotherapy, Randomized control trial, speech–language pathology, voice therapy
Subject categories Otorhinolaryngology, Surgery, Physiotherapy

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: Laryngeal cancer and its treatment, despite management with organ-preservation treatments, is known to negatively affect voice and functional outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether functional outcomes and patient perceptions were improved by combining organ preservation with post treatment function rehabilitation. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Method: Sixty-one patients with carcinoma in situ (Tis) to T4 size laryngeal cancers treated with radiotherapy were prospectively recruited. Thirty patients were randomized into the voice rehabilitation (VR) group and 31 received no VR (control group). The VR group underwent 10 speech pathology sessions postradiotherapy. Voice function was evaluated pre-VR and at 6 and 12 months follow-up using the auditory-perceptual Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, and Strain (GRBAS) scale and patient perception measures. Results: The control group demonstrated significant deterioration in vocal roughness (P = 0.02) between 6 to 12 months, whilst the VR group did not, resulting in a significant difference (P < 0.01) between the two groups at 12 months. A between-group significant difference (P = 0.02) was also observed for breathiness at 12 months. Patient perceptions of improved vocal quality, acceptability, hoarseness, vocal fatigue, and ashamed (of voice) pre- to post-VR improved significantly (P < 0.02) in the VR group, although significant difference (P = 0.03) between groups was observed post-VR for hoarseness only. Conclusion: For this study group representing Tis to T4-size laryngeal cancers, patients receiving voice rehabilitation post radiotherapy demonstrated no functional decline in vocal roughness and perceived their voice to improve to a greater extent post-VR than the control group. Level of Evidence: 1b. Laryngoscope, 126:2029–2035, 2016. © 2016 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

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