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Quality of life in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery - A two-centered Swedish study

Journal article
Authors Ingrid Silva
Carina Cardemil
Hossein Kashani
F. Bazargani
Peter Tarnow
Lars Rasmusson
Felicia Suska
Published in Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume 44
Issue 8
Pages 973-978
ISSN 1010-5182
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Odontology
Institute of Odontology, Section 1
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Biomaterials
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Plastic Surgery
Pages 973-978
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2016.04.0...
Keywords Quality of life, Dentofacial anomalies, Orthognathic surgery, HEALTH IMPACT PROFILE, DENTOFACIAL DEFORMITY, SATISFACTION, RELIABILITY, VALIDITY
Subject categories Dentistry

Abstract

Aim: Surgical corrections of dentofacial deformities have both physical and psychological impact on quality of life (QoL). The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the impact of oral health related problems on QoL before and after a combination of orthodontic treatment and orthognathic surgery. Additionally, the study aimed to identify correlations between different dentofacial patterns and possible improvements due to treatment. Material and methods: In a prospective study, we evaluated fifty patients before start of treatment, 6 weeks and 6 months postoperatively. The questionnaires used were: OHIP-14 (Short Form Oral Health Impact Profile), a condition-specific QOL approach (Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaires; OQLQ) and a social-demographic questionnaire. Results: There was a statistically significant improvement in the OHIP domains from baseline to 6 months follow-up and for the OQLQ the improvement was significant both at 6 weeks and 6 months in relation to the baseline data. Conclusion: Significant improvement of quality of life over time is proved by both OHIP-14 and OQLQ in the present study. Socio-demographic and holistic considerations are important when evaluating treatment outcome after combined orthodontic and orthognatic surgery. However, longer follow-up would be beneficial. (C) 2016 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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