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School characteristics moderating the relation between student socio-economic status and mathematics achievement in grade 8. Evidence from 50 countries in TIMSS 2011

Journal article
Authors Jan-Eric Gustafsson
Nielsen Trude
Kajsa Yang Hansen
Published in Studies in Educational Evaluation
Volume 57
Pages 16-30
ISSN 0191-491X
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Education and Special Education
Pages 16-30
Language en
Keywords Socioeconomic status Equal education Mathematics achievement Educational quality School climate School segregation TIMSS Random slopes modeling
Subject categories Pedagogy


The main aim of the study was to identify school characteristics that can reduce the relation between socio-economic status (SES) and achievement, so that equity of educational outcomes can be improved. Data from 50 countries participating in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) conducted in 2011, focusing on Grade 8 mathematics, was analysed. Two-level random slopes models fitted at school- and student-levels were used to investigate the influence of quality and quantity of instruction, school climate, and school SES on the within-school regression slope for achievement on SES. The results showed school SES to be the strongest determinant of slope differences across schools and educational systems. Whether school SES relates negatively or positively to the within-school regression of achievement on student SES is an indicator of whether the educational system is compensatory or anti-compensatory with respect to student SES.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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