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Orphanhood and mistreatment drive children to leave home - A study from early AIDS-affected Kagera region, Tanzania

Journal article
Authors Jeanette Olsson
Staffan Höjer
Lennarth Nyström
Maria Emmelin
Published in International Social Work
Volume 60
Issue 5
Pages 1218-1232
ISSN 0020-8728
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Social Work
Pages 1218-1232
Language en
Links doi.org/10.1177/0020872816641751
Keywords Street children, Child domestic workers, HIV/AIDS, Orphans, Tanzania
Subject categories Health Sciences, Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Sociology, Social Work


The aim of this mixed-method study was to explore the trajectories of leaving home, and views and experiences among children and youth in the Kagera region in Tanzania, who have lived on the streets or been domestic workers. The main results showed that orphanhood and mistreatment were the main reasons for leaving home: few children lived with their parents before they left, and leaving home was a complex process over several years where three trajectories were identified. The children who had left home showed strong agency and competency but lived in vulnerable conditions, especially young children living on the streets.

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