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Retrieving Occurrences of Grammatical Constructions

Conference paper
Authors Anna Ehrlemark
Richard Johansson
Benjamin Lyngfelt
Published in Proceedings of COLING 2016, the 26th International Conference on Computational Linguistics : Technical Papers, December 11–17; Osaka, Japan
ISBN 978-4-87974-702-0
ISSN 1525-2477
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Swedish
Department of Computer Science and Engineering (GU)
Language en
Keywords constructions, information retrieval, natural language processing, Swedish
Subject categories Language Technology (Computational Linguistics), Computational linguistics, Linguistics


Finding authentic examples of grammatical constructions is central in constructionist approaches to linguistics, language processing, and second language learning. In this paper, we address this problem as an information retrieval (IR) task. To facilitate research in this area, we built a benchmark collection by annotating the occurrences of six constructions in a Swedish corpus. Furthermore, we implemented a simple and flexible retrieval system for finding construction occurrences, in which the user specifies a ranking function using lexical-semantic similarities (lexicon-based or distributional). The system was evaluated using standard IR metrics on the new benchmark, and we saw that lexical-semantical rerankers improve significantly over a purely surface-oriented system, but must be carefully tailored for each individual construction.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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