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Why Do Some Young Adults Not Graduate from Upper-Secondary School? On the Importance of Signales of Labour Market Failure

Journal article
Authors Björn Gustafsson
Katarina Katz
Torun Österberg
Published in Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research
Volume 61
Issue 6
Pages 701-720
ISSN 0031-3831
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Social Work
Pages 701-720
Language en
Keywords Invandrare Grannskap; Utbildning; Upper-secondary education; neighbourhoods; immigrants; Sweden
Subject categories Social and Economic Geography, Sociology, Educational Sciences, Economics


In high-income countries, not completing secondary school often entails a high risk of social exclusion. Using data on young adults born in 1985 who grew up in metropolitan Sweden, we study factors associated with not graduating from upper-secondary school at age 21. Our hypothesis is that if a young person sees examples of people who are not able to earn a living despite having a long education, such negative examples are influential. Results from estimated logistic models are consistent with the hypothesis.

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