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Community-based tourism in practice: evidence from three coastal communities in Bohuslän

Journal article
Authors Kristina Lindström
Mia Larson
Published in Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series
Volume 33
Issue 33
Pages 71-78
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Economy and Society, Unit for Human Geography
Pages 71-78
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1515/bog-2016-0025
Keywords sustainable tourism, community-based tourism, tourism collaboration
Subject categories Social and Economic Geography, Other Social Sciences

Abstract

Local involvement in tourism development is defined as a key issue for sustainable tourism, however it is often questioned and less seldom implemented in reality. Reasons behind this condition are lack of knowledge and practical experience on community-based tourism as a bottom-up approach. In this paper it is argued that local involvement in tourism development is both a democratic right and a strategic destination management tool. The paper scrutinizes a process of collaboration and local participation in a tourism development project within three coastal communities on the Swedish West Coast. A mixed-methods approach was employed in the project with the specific aim of investigating attitudes to the community and tourism development and of involving community stakeholders in exploring alternative avenues of tourism development. The article describes four phases of the process of local involvement in a tourism development project: step 1, formation of a representative project group and negotiation of community-based approach; step 2, consulting local stakeholders and employing a mixed-methods approach; step 3, elaborating results with local stakeholders; step 4, increased community collaboration.

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