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Market-Driven Challenges to Freedom of Expression and the Interaction Between the State, the Market, and the Media

Journal article
Authors Eva-Maria Svensson
Maria Edström
Published in Nordicom Review
Volume 37 (2016)
Issue 2
Pages 1-16
ISSN 1403-1108
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMG)
Department of Law
Pages 1-16
Language en
Keywords freedom of expression, democracy-driven freedom of expression, market-driven freedom of expression, independent journalism, controlling function of journalism, Swedish infrastructure for freedom of expression, advertising
Subject categories Law, Media and Communications


The controlling function of the media is essential for freedom of expression in a democratic society. One of the pre-conditions of this controlling function is independence in relation not only to the state but also in relation to commercial interests. It is the latter relationship that is the focus of this article. Recent changes in the media landscape have put pressure on the independence of the media. Commercial interests seem to gain more influence on media content. The distinction between journalism and advertising has become less clear and it is not always maintained despite both legislation and self-regulation that dictate such a division. The aim of this article is to analyse the consequences of the changes in the media land - scape and the challenges posed to the infrastructure for freedom of expression in Sweden, including legislation and self-regulation. The analysis is made with the help of the analytical distinction between market-driven and democracy-driven freedom of expression.

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