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Looking beyond the mountain: dispersal barriers in a changing world

Journal article
Authors P. Caplat
P. Edelaar
R. Y. Dudaniec
A. J. Green
B. Okamura
J. Cote
J. Ekroos
Per R. Jonsson
J. Londahl
Sylvie V M Tesson
E. J. Petit
Published in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Volume 14
Issue 5
Pages 262-269
ISSN 1540-9295
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of marine sciences
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory
Pages 262-269
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1002/fee.1280
Keywords spatially structured populations, gene flow, climate-change, landscape, connectivity, aquatic organisms, range margins, species-range, biodiversity, dynamics, management, Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Subject categories Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Abstract

Dispersal barriers have demographic, evolutionary, and ecosystem-wide consequences. With ongoing changes in the environment, some dispersal barriers will likely disappear while new ones will appear, and it is crucial to understand these dynamics to forecast species' distributions and adaptive potential. Here we review recent literature on the ecological and evolutionary aspects of dispersal to highlight key dynamics of dispersal barriers in the face of global change. After defining dispersal barriers, we explain that a better understanding of their dynamics requires identifying the barrier types that are most susceptible to change and predicting species' responses. This knowledge is a prerequisite for designing management strategies to increase or reduce connectivity, and maintain adaptive potential. Our intent is to motivate researchers to explicitly consider dispersal barriers in order to better forecast the dynamics of species and ecosystems subject to global change.

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