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Detecting Deception within Small Groups: A Literature Review

Journal article
Authors Z. Vernham
Pär-Anders Granhag
E. M. Giolla
Published in Frontiers in Psychology
Volume 7
Pages Article 1012
ISSN 1664-1078
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages Article 1012
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01012
Keywords group deception, interviewing, strategies, consistency, memory, transactive memory-systems, collective memory, concealed information, police interviews, eliciting cues, alibi witness, small-cells, knowledge, suspects, communication, Psychology
Subject categories Psychology

Abstract

Investigators often have multiple suspects to interview in order to determine whether they are guilty or innocent of a crime. Nevertheless, co-offending has been significantly neglected within the deception detection literature. The current review is the first of its kind to discuss co-offending and the importance of examining the detection of deception within groups. Groups of suspects can be interviewed separately (individual interviewing) or simultaneously (collective interviewing) and these differing interviewing styles are assessed throughout the review. The review emphasizes the differences between lone individuals and groups. It focuses on the theoretical implications of group deceit and the reasons why groups need to be understood in terms of investigative interviewing and deception detection if all types of crime-related incidents are to be recognized and dealt with appropriately. Group strategies, consistency within-and between-statements, joint memory, and group dynamics are referred to throughout the review and the importance of developing interview protocols specifically for groups is discussed. The review concludes by identifying the gaps in the literature and suggesting ideas for future research, highlighting that more research is required if we are to obtain a true understanding of the deception occurring within groups and how best to detect it.

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