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Predicting treatment outcome on the basis of temperament in patients who are socially stable and alcohol dependent

Journal article
Authors P. Wennberg
Kristina Berglund
Ulf Berggren
Jan Balldin
Claudia Fahlke
Published in Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly
Volume 34
Issue 3
Pages 329-336
ISSN 0734-7324
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry
Department of Psychology
Pages 329-336
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1080/07347324.2016.11...
Keywords Alcohol use disorders
Subject categories Applied Psychology

Abstract

© 2016 Taylor & Francis.The literature on predictors of treatment outcome is relatively extensive, but results on personality factors that predicts treatment outcome among alcohol dependent patients are still inconclusive. The aim of this study was to investigate if the scales of the Temperament and Character Inventory could predict treatment outcome after 18 months in a sample of patients who were socially well adjusted and alcohol dependent (N = 202). Bivariate comparisons indicate that patients with higher levels of harm avoidance showed a lower probability of successful treatment. Further, exploratory analysis of specific configurations associated with treatment success or failure was presented. The results indicate that harm avoidance seem to be a key factor for this specific sample of patients who are socially well adjusted and alcohol dependent, results that might be useful in clinical practice.

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