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Preschool to School in Autism: Neuropsychiatric Problems 8 Years After Diagnosis at 3 Years of Age.

Journal article
Authors Martina Barnevik Olsson
Sebastian Lundström
Joakim Westerlund
M B Giacobini
Christopher Gillberg
Elisabeth Fernell
Published in Journal of autism and developmental disorders
Volume 46
Issue 8
Pages 2749–2755
ISSN 1573-3432
Publication year 2016
Published at Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre
Pages 2749–2755
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2819-...
Subject categories Psychiatry, Child and adolescent psychiatry

Abstract

The study presents neuropsychiatric profiles of children aged 11 with autism spectrum disorder, assessed before 4.5 years, and after interventions. The original group comprised a community sample of 208 children with ASD. Parents of 128 participated-34 with average intellectual function, 36 with borderline intellectual function and 58 with intellectual disability. They were interviewed using the Autism-Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities interview. Criteria for a clinical/subclinical proxy of ASD were met by 71, 89 and 95 %, respectively. Criteria for at least one of ASD, AD/HD, Learning disorder or Developmental Coordination Disorder were met by 82, 94 and 97 %. More than 90 % of children with a preschool diagnosis of ASD have remaining neuropsychiatric problems at 11, despite early intervention.

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