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Method for determining the two-dimensional presampling modulation transfer function in digital radiography

Magazine article
Authors Magnus Båth
Patrik Sund
Lars Gunnar Månsson
Published in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume 4320
Pages 268-279
ISSN 0277-786X
Publication year 2001
Published at Institute of Selected Clinical Sciences, Department of Radiation Physics
Pages 268-279
Language en
Keywords Digital radiography , Image quality , Modulation transfer function , MTF
Subject categories Radiological physics


In digital radiography, radial asymmetry may be present. The use of a one-dimensional representation of the resolution properties can therefore be questioned. Although measurements are often done in two orthogonal directions, there may be a need for a more detailed description. A method of measuring the two-dimensional presampling modulation transfer function (MTF) has therefore been developed. A finely sampled "disk spread function" is obtained by imaging an aperture mask, consisting of N2 circular holes arranged in an N×N manner in an opaque material, in such a way that each hole is positioned at a different phase relative to the sampling coordinates of the detector system. This spread function is resampled, extrapolated, Fourier transformed, and finally corrected for the finite hole size in order to obtain the presampling MTF. The method was tested on a computed radiography (CR) system through measurements with a prototype mask, consisting of 100 holes of radius 0.2 mm drilled in a lead alloy. The results were compared with measurements using the slit method, and were found to be consistent. Problems associated with the method, e.g. errors due to incorrect alignment of the holes in the aperture mask with the beam, and limitations due to the finite hole size, are discussed.

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