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The nationalised and gendered citizen in a global world – examples from textbooks, policy and steering documents in Turkey and Sweden

Journal article
Authors Marie Carlson
Tuba Kanci
Published in Gender and Education
Volume 29
Issue 3
Pages 313-331
ISSN 0954-0253
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Sociology and Work Science
Pages 313-331
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540253.2016.11...
Keywords citizen; gender; nationalism; narrative approach; education policy; textbooks
Subject categories International Migration and Ethnic Relations, Political Science, Sociology, Educational Sciences, Gender Studies

Abstract

This article analyses the construction of the gendered and nationalized citizen in education in Turkey and Sweden. We draw on a narrative approach identifying narratives linked to educational discourses. Our empirical data consist of textbooks (in the later years of the mandatory school), steering documents and interviews. In both our cases, we encounter continuities in these narratives; the citizen is defined with ethno-cultural references along with civic ones, and differentiated according to gender. In the Turkish case, a meta-narrative is constructed around the narratives of enemy and defence related to masculinity, and the feminine as the object of protection. The gender regime is an important part of the processes of normalization of nationalism. In Sweden, nationalism is formulated around the ‘Swedish miracle’, a social welfare state, among the best democracies, and with a story of ‘gender success’. In both cases, we also found new narratives in line with Europeanization processes. Keywords: citizen; gender; nationalism; narrative approach; education policy; textbooks

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