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Experiences of facilitators or barriers in driving education from learner and novice drivers with ADHD or ASD and their driving instructors

Journal article
Authors M. Almberg
Helena Selander
M. Falkmer
S. Vaz
M. Ciccarelli
T. Falkmer
Published in Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Volume 20
Issue 2
Pages 59-67
ISSN 1751-8423
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Health and Rehabilitation
Pages 59-67
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.3109/17518423.2015.10...
Keywords Asperger's syndrome, attention deficit
Subject categories Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences, Occupational Therapy

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Little is known about whether individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) experience any specific facilitators or barriers to driving education. OBJECTIVE: To explore the facilitators or barriers to driving education experienced by individuals with ASD or ADHD who obtained a learner's permit, from the perspective of the learner drivers and their driving instructors. METHODS: Data were collected from 33 participants with ASD or ADHD, and nine of their driving instructors. RESULTS: Participants with ASD required twice as many driving lessons and more on-road tests than those with ADHD. Participants with ADHD repeated the written tests more than those with ASD. Driving license theory was more challenging for individuals with ADHD, whilst individuals with ASD found translating theory into practice and adjusting to "unfamiliar" driving situations to be the greatest challenges. CONCLUSION: Obtaining a driving license was associated with stressful training experience.

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