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Asperger Syndrome and Schizophrenia: A Comparative Neuropsychological Study.

Journal article
Authors Maria Marinopoulou
Tove Lugnegård
Maria Unenge Hallerbäck
Christopher Gillberg
Eva Billstedt
Published in Journal of autism and developmental disorders
Volume 46
Issue 7
Pages 2292–2304
ISSN 1573-3432
Publication year 2016
Published at Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre
Pages 2292–2304
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2758-...
Keywords Asperger syndrome; Executive functions; Intellectual functioning; Neuropsychology; Schizophrenia
Subject categories Child and adolescent psychiatry

Abstract

There has been an increasing interest in possible connections between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia in the last decade. Neuropsychological comparison studies have, however, been few. The present study examined similarities and differences in intellectual and executive functioning between adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) and adults with schizophrenic psychosis (SP). A group with AS and a group with SP were assessed neuropsychologically with WAIS-III and D-KEFS. Similarities were found between groups, as displayed by an uneven cognitive profile, limitations in working memory, processing speed and some aspects of executive functioning. Full Scale IQ was higher in the AS group. These results add to the current research illuminating similarities and differences between ASD and schizophrenia on a cognitive level.

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