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Shifting the Paradigm of the Philosophy of Science: the Philosophy of Information and a New Renaissance

Journal article
Authors Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic
Published in Minds and Machines
Volume 13
Issue 4
Pages 521-536
ISSN 0924-6495
Publication year 2003
Published at Department of Applied Information Technology (GU)
Pages 521-536
Language en
Links www.mrtc.mdh.se/%7Egdc/work/Shiftin...
Keywords Computation, Digital Philosophy, Information, Information Society, Information Technology, Information-theoretic Methodology, Philosophy of AI, Philosophy of Computer Science, Philosophy of Computing, Philosophy of Information, Philosophy of Science.
Subject categories Computer and Information Science

Abstract

Computing is changing the traditional field of Philosophy of Science in a very profound way. First as a methodological tool, computing makes possible “experimental Philosophy” which is able to provide practical tests for different philosophical ideas. At the same time the ideal object of investigation of the Philosophy of Science is changing. For a long period of time the ideal science was Physics (e.g. Popper, Carnap, Kuhn, and Chalmers). Now the focus is shifting to the field of Computing/Informatics. There are many good reasons for this paradigm shift, one of those being a long standing need of a new meeting between the sciences and humanities, for which the new discipline of Computing/Informatics gives innumerable possibilities. Contrary to Physics, Computing/Informatics is very much human-centered. It brings a potential for a new Renaissance, where Science and Humanities, Arts and Engineering can reach a new synthesis, so very much needed in our intellectually split culture. This paper investigates contemporary trends and the relation between the Philosophy of Science and the Philosophy of Computing and Information, which is equivalent to the present relation between Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Physics.

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