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The Babalon Working 1946: L. Ron Hubbard, John Whiteside Parsons, and the Practice of Enochian Magic

Journal article
Authors Henrik Bogdan
Published in Numen
Volume 63
Issue 1
Pages 12-32
ISSN 0029-5973
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Literature, History of Ideas, and Religion
Pages 12-32
Language en
Keywords L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology, Church of Scientology, John W. Parsons, Thelema, Aleister Crowley, Ordo Templi Orientis, magic, Enochian magic, Western esotericism
Subject categories Philosophy, Ethics and Religion


In the spring of 1946 L. Ron Hubbard and John W. Parsons performed a series of magical rituals with the aim of incarnating the Thelemic goddess Babalon in a human being. Hubbard’s cooperation with Parsons, known as the Babalon Working, remains one of the most controversial events in Hubbard’s pre-Scientology days. This article sets out to describe the content of the magical rituals, as well as their purpose. It is argued that in order to fully understand these events, it is necessary to approach the Babalon Working from the study of Western esotericism in general, and the study of Enochian magic in particular.

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