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Genomic encyclopedia of bacteria and archaea: sequencing a myriad of type strains.

Journal article
Authors Nikos C Kyrpides
Philip Hugenholtz
Jonathan A Eisen
Tanja Woyke
Markus Göker
Charles T Parker
Rudolf Amann
Brian J Beck
Patrick S G Chain
Jongsik Chun
Rita R Colwell
Antoine Danchin
Peter Dawyndt
Tom Dedeurwaerdere
Edward F DeLong
John C Detter
Paul De Vos
Timothy J Donohue
Xiu-Zhu Dong
Dusko S Ehrlich
Claire Fraser
Richard Gibbs
Jack Gilbert
Paul Gilna
Frank Oliver Glöckner
Janet K Jansson
Jay D Keasling
Rob Knight
David Labeda
Alla Lapidus
Jung-Sook Lee
Wen-Jun Li
Juncai Ma
Victor Markowitz
Edward R.B. Moore
Mark Morrison
Folker Meyer
Karen E Nelson
Moriya Ohkuma
Christos A Ouzounis
Norman Pace
Julian Parkhill
Nan Qin
Ramon Rossello-Mora
Johannes Sikorski
David Smith
Mitch Sogin
Rick Stevens
Uli Stingl
Ken-Ichiro Suzuki
Dorothea Taylor
Jim M Tiedje
Brian Tindall
Michael Wagner
George Weinstock
Jean Weissenbach
Owen White
Jun Wang
Lixin Zhang
Yu-Guang Zhou
Dawn Field
William B Whitman
George M Garrity
Hans-Peter Klenk
Published in PLoS biology
Volume 12
Issue 8
Pages e1001920
ISSN 1545-7885
Publication year 2014
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Infectious Medicine
Pages e1001920
Language en
Keywords Archaea, classification, genetics, Bacteria, classification, genetics, Databases, Genetic, Genome, Archaeal, genetics, Genome, Bacterial, genetics, Genomics, Phylogeny, Sequence Analysis, DNA
Subject categories Microbiology


Microbes hold the key to life. They hold the secrets to our past (as the descendants of the earliest forms of life) and the prospects for our future (as we mine their genes for solutions to some of the planet's most pressing problems, from global warming to antibiotic resistance). However, the piecemeal approach that has defined efforts to study microbial genetic diversity for over 20 years and in over 30,000 genome projects risks squandering that promise. These efforts have covered less than 20% of the diversity of the cultured archaeal and bacterial species, which represent just 15% of the overall known prokaryotic diversity. Here we call for the funding of a systematic effort to produce a comprehensive genomic catalog of all cultured Bacteria and Archaea by sequencing, where available, the type strain of each species with a validly published name (currently∼11,000). This effort will provide an unprecedented level of coverage of our planet's genetic diversity, allow for the large-scale discovery of novel genes and functions, and lead to an improved understanding of microbial evolution and function in the environment.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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