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Health investment behaviors and oral/gingival health condition, a cross-sectional study among Swedish 19-year olds

Journal article
Authors Jessica S Ericsson
Jan Wennström
Björn Lindgren
Max Petzold
Anna-Lena Östberg
Kajsa H. Abrahamsson
Published in Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Volume 74
Issue 4
Pages 265-271
ISSN 0001-6357
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Odontology
Institute of Odontology, Section 2
Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Metrics
Pages 265-271
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.3109/00016357.2015.11...
Keywords Health behavior, human capital, oral, periodontal, youth
Subject categories Periodontology, Odontological behavioural science, Dentistry

Abstract

Objectives: To test the hypothesis that certain individual, environmental and lifestyle factors are positively associated with beneficial health investment behaviours and oral/periodontal health among adolescents. Methods: Five hundred and six randomly selected 19-year old subjects living in two different areas (Fyrbodal and Skaraborg) in the county council of Va¨stra Go¨ taland, Sweden participated in a clinical examination and answered questionnaires covering psycho-social and health behavioural issues. Two oral-health models were estimated with gingivitis score as an objective and self-perceived oral health as a subjective indicator. Three health- investment behaviour models were designed with indicators directly related to oral health and two with indicators related to general health as well. The explanatory variables included gender, upper secondary education programme, native country, living area, general self-efficacy and parents’ education level. Results: In the objective oral-health model, theoretical studies and living in the Skaraborg area were both positively associated with a lower gingivitis score. For the subjective oralhealth indicator, none of the explanatory variables showed statistical significance. In the investment-behaviour model with ‘tooth-brushing 2 times daily’ as a health indicator, female gender and theoretical studies showed statistically significant associations. With the indicators ‘no/ few missed dental appointments’, ‘no tobacco use’ and ‘weekly exercise’, theoretical studies were statistically significant and positively associated. In the investment model with ‘perceived oral health care attention’ as an indicator, a high score of general self-efficacy was significantly associated with the feeling of taking good care of the teeth. Conclusions: Individual, environmental and lifestyle factors are associated with young individuals’ oral health investment behaviours and gingival health conditions. ARTICLE HISTORY Received 10 March 2015 Revised 15 October 2015 Accepted 19 October 2015 Published online 23 November 2015 KEYWORDS Health behaviour; human capital; oral; periodontal; youth Introduction Oral health is an integral part of general health and well-being [1–3]. However, what motivates people to invest in their oral health differs. In fact, several

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