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The family cardiobacteriaceae

Chapter in book
Authors Edward R.B. Moore
S. A. Mihaylova
M. Gomila
Published in The Prokaryotes: Gammaproteobacteria
Volume 9783642389221
Pages 135-146
ISBN 9783642389221
Publisher Springer
Publication year 2014
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Infectious Medicine
Pages 135-146
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38922-...
Subject categories Microbiology

Abstract

Cardiobacteriaceae, within the order, Cardiobacteriales, in the class, Gammaproteobacteria, was described as a novel family, based upon the 16S rRNA sequence-based relationships of Cardiobacterium hominis, Dichelobacter nodosus, and Suttonella indologenes, representing distinct lineages within a common phylogenetic cluster. The two species of Cardiobacterium, one species of Dichelobacter, and two species of Suttonella are Gram-negative, rod-shaped, fastidious, facultatively anaerobic, strictly anaerobic or microaerophilic chemoorganotrophs, manifesting pathogenicity in humans and animals. Strains of the species are isolated from human and animal samples. C. hominis, C. valvarum, and S. indologenes are typically recovered from the blood cultures of patients with endocarditis. D. nodosus is a causative agent for foot-rot disease in cloven-hoofed animals, and S. ornithocola is implicated in pulmonary necrosis in birds of the tit family. Rarely are bacteria of the Cardiobacteriaceae detected in nonclinical samples. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. All rights are reserved.

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