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Data on Quantity and Quality of Groundwater

Chapter in book
Authors Thorben Römer
Jan van Heyden
Roland Barthel
Published in Regional Assessment of Global Change Impacts
Pages 177-184
ISBN 978-3-319-16750-3
Publisher Springer International Publishing
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 177-184
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16751-...
Keywords GLOWA-Danube, Upper Danube, Water supply, Groundwater quality, Groundwater quantity, Time series, Observation wells, Monitoring
Subject categories Hydrology, Geosciences, Multidisciplinary, Climate Research

Abstract

Water supply in the Upper Danube catchment (UDC) is mainly based on groundwater. The development of models to adequately describe the quantity and quality of groundwater resources and to simulate the impact of global change requires a good understanding and conceptual representation of the regional hydrogeological conditions. Observation data is needed to evaluate the validity of the model results by comparing measured and simulated values for distinct locations. Thus, the comprehensive collection and analysis of groundwater monitoring data is an essential prerequisite for reaching the objectives of GLOWA-Danube. This chapter describes the data sources used to establish the conceptual hydrogeological model and gives an overview of the quantity and spatial and temporal distribution of groundwater monitoring data. It is shown that the focus of observations on shallow quaternary groundwater aquifers and the temporally and spatially sparse groundwater quality monitoring presents a great challenge to understanding the past and present behaviour of groundwater resources in the UDC and thus a challenge to simulate the future behaviour under conditions of global change.

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