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Hydrogeology – A Consistent Basin-Wide Representation of the Major Aquifers in the Upper Danube Basin

Chapter in book
Authors Roland Barthel
Jürgen Braun
Vlad Rojanschi
Jens Wolf
Published in Regional Assessment of Global Change Impacts
Pages 125-131
ISBN 978-3-319-16750-3
Publisher Springer International Publishing
Place of publication New York
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 125-131
Language en
Keywords GLOWA-Danube, Upper Danube, Hydrogeology, Groundwater, Regional aquifers
Subject categories Climate Research, Hydrology, Water in nature and society, Geosciences, Multidisciplinary


Modelling the changes of groundwater resources under conditions of global change is a crucial task in the UDC, where groundwater forms the main source of drinking water. The first step in the development of a numerical modelling of groundwater flow and storage changes is to develop a conceptual hydrogeological model that adequately represents the relevant geological and hydrological features of the model area. The large area of the UDC and the coarse resolution of the common DANUBIA model thereby demand strict simplification of the actual hydrogeological conditions. A central decision in this conceptualisation process is the definition of the major regional hydrogeological units to be considered by the model. This chapter describes the process of data collection, data homogenisation and aggregation into ten main hydrogeological units, called “base classes”. The properties and the relevance of these base classes for the numerical model are explained. The most important simplifications made are briefly discussed.

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