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Preference-based health-related quality of life among victims of bullying

Journal article
Authors L. Beckman
Mikael Svensson
Ann Frisén
Published in Quality of Life Research
Volume 25
Issue 2
Pages 303-309
ISSN 0962-9343
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Psychology
Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Metrics
Pages 303-309
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-015-1101-...
Keywords Bullying , Health-related quality of life , SF-6D , Utility scores
Subject categories Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy, Economics

Abstract

Purpose: No previous study has estimated the association between bullying and preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (“utility”), knowledge of which may be used for cost-effectiveness studies of interventions designed to prevent bullying. Therefore, the aim of the study was to estimate preference-based HRQoL among victims of bullying compared to non-victims. Methods: A cross-sectional survey data collection among Swedish adolescents aged 15–17 years in the first year of upper secondary school was conducted in the city of Gothenburg in Sweden (N = 758). Preference-based HRQoL was estimated with the SF-6D. Regression analyses were conducted to adjust for some individual-level background variable. Results: Mean preference-based health-related quality of life scores were 0.77 and 0.71 for non-victims and victims of bullying, respectively. The difference of 0.06 points was statistically significant (p < 0.05) and robust to inclusion of gender, age, and parental immigrant status. Conclusions: The preference-based HRQoL estimates in this study may be used as an upper bound in economic evaluations of bullying prevention interventions, facilitating a comparison between costs and quality-adjusted life-years.

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