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Normocalcaemic, vitamin D-sufficient hyperparathyroidism - high prevalence and low morbidity in the general population: A long-term follow-up study, the WHO MONICA project, Gothenburg, Sweden

Journal article
Authors Georgios Kontogeorgos
Penelope Trimpou
Christine M. Laine
Göran Oleröd
Anders Lindahl
Kerstin Landin-Wilhelmsen
Published in Clinical Endocrinology
Volume 83
Issue 2
Pages 277-284
ISSN 0300-0664
Publication year 2015
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Clinical Chemistry and Transfusion Medicine
Institute of Biomedicine
Institute of Medicine
Pages 277-284
Language en
Subject categories Endocrinology


ObjectiveThere is limited knowledge about the natural history of normocalcaemic, vitamin D-sufficient hyperparathyroidism (nHPT). The aim was to study the prevalence of nHPT and its relation to morbidity. DesignCross-sectional and retrospective study at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. SubjectsA random population of 608 men and women, age 25-64years, was studied in 1995 as part of the WHO MONICA study and reinvestigated in 2008 (n=410, of whom 277 were vitamin D sufficient). MeasurementsA serum intact parathyroid hormone (S-PTH) 60ng/l was considered as HPT, S-calcium 215-249mmol/l as normocalcaemia and S-25(OH)D50nmol/l as vitamin D sufficiency. Data on fractures, stroke and myocardial infarction were retrieved until 2013, that is a 17-year follow-up. ResultsThe prevalence of nHPT was 20% in 1995 (age 25-64) and 110% in 2008 (age 38-79). S-PTH was positively correlated with age and BMI. After adjustment for these variables, a high S-PTH level (60ng/l) at follow-up was associated with previously low S-25(OH)D, high osteocalcin, S-PTH and both past and presently treated hypertension. No relation was seen with creatinine, cystatin C, malabsorption markers, thyroid function, glucose, insulin, lipids, calcaneal quantitative ultrasound, fractures, myocardial infarction, stroke or death at follow-up. ConclusionsThis small random population study showed that nHPT was common, 11% at follow-up. Only one individual developed mild hypercalcaemia in 13years. Previous S-PTH was predictive of nHPT and hypertension was prevalent, but no increase in hard end-points was seen over a 17-year period.

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