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Experiences and attitudes of primary care therapists in the implementation and use of internet-based treatment in Swedish primary care settings

Journal article
Authors Marie Kivi
M.C.M. Eriksson
Dominique Hange
Eva-Lisa Petersson
Cecilia Björkelund
Boo Johansson
Published in Internet Interventions
Volume 2
Issue 3
Pages 248-256
ISSN 2214-7829
Publication year 2015
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Department of Psychology
Pages 248-256
Language en
Keywords ICBT , Implementation , Primary care , Qualitative method , Therapists' view
Subject categories Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Psychology


© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. Background: The current knowledge of internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) implemented in primary care settings is sparse. Our objective was to explore primary care therapists' experiences and attitudes of ICBT, the opportunities and conditions for research in primary care, and to identify potential barriers to the implementation of ICBT treatment in primary care. Methods: Eleven therapists (of 14) participating in the research and implementation project PRIM-NET completed a survey. Four of them were selected also for a detailed semi-structured interview. Data from the interviews were analyzed qualitatively and according to methods used in implementation science. Results: Six general themes were identified in which the therapists considered ICBT as a good treatment that ought to be introduced in primary care. To optimize procedure in primary care settings, several adaptations of ICBT were suggested. Integrating and blending ICBT and face-to-face therapies, for example, would render primary care psychology more efficient. The PRIM-NET study and research within primary care was seen as rewarding and necessary, but challenging. To a large extent primary care still revolves around the general practitioner, with a focus on production, finances, and a somatic aspect of the patients. Five possible barriers to implementation of ICBT were identified which perhaps explains why psychological procedures are not fully integrated into primary care. Conclusions: Although the implementation of new methods and routines is typically accompanied by challenges, the overall experience of the therapists supports the implementation of ICBT as an additional treatment in primary care.

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