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Participation and Enjoyment in Play with a Robot between Children with Cerebral Palsy who use AAC and their Peers

Journal article
Authors Ulrika Ferm
Britt Claesson
Cajsa Ottesjö
Stina Ericsson
Published in Augmentative and Alternative Communication : AAC
Volume 31
Issue 2
Pages 108-123
ISSN 0743-4618
Publication year 2015
Published at Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science
Pages 108-123
Language en
Keywords Augmentative and alternative communication, Cerebral palsy, Children, Complex communication needs, Peers, Robotics, Play, Participation, Enjoyment
Subject categories Interaction Technologies, Nursing education, Learning, Linguistics, Children's language


this study explores children with complex communication needs, their peers and adult support persons in play with the talking and moving robot lekBot. two triads were filmed playing with lekBot at pre-school. lekBot was developed to facilitate independent and enjoyable play on equal terms for children with significant communication disabilities and their peers. Using Conversation analysis, participatory symmetry and enjoyment were investigated in relation to spoken and gestural communication, embodied stance, gaze, and affective display. Data originated from three video-recorded sessions that were approximately 2 hours long. Four different interaction situations were identified and explored: Participatory asymmetry, adult Facilitation, Greater Participatory symmetry and Creativity, and turn-taking and enjoyable Play with lekBot. neither participatory symmetry nor enjoyment were easily achieved in the play sessions and may require considerable effort, including adult involvement, but creative, spontaneous and highly enjoyable play, correlating with participatory symmetry to various degrees, was observed in a few instances.the findings are discussed with regard to play, aaC and the future development of robots to facilitate play.

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