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Magnetic properties of crystalline mesoporous Zn-substituted copper ferrite synthesized under nanoconfinement in silica matrix

Journal article
Authors Najmeh Najmoddin
Ali Beitollahi
Eamonn Devlin
Hüseyin Kavas
Majid Mohseni
Johan Åkerman
Dimitris Niarchos
Hamidreza Rezaie
Mamoun Muhammed
Muhammet Toprak
Published in Microporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume 190
Pages 346-355
ISSN 1387-1811
Publication year 2014
Published at
Pages 346-355
Language en
Subject categories Magnetism

Abstract

A series of ordered mesoporous single phase Cu1−xZnxFe2O4 spinel ferrites, with x ranging from 0.00 to 0.75 with a step increment of 0.25, are prepared by a novel nanocasting route with the aid of vinyl-functionalized mesoporous silica as a hard template. All samples display a relatively high surface area and narrow pore size distribution from nitrogen sorption analysis. The magnetic hysteresis loops of these samples measured at 300 K, the temperature dependence of the zero field cooled (ZFC) and field cooled (FC) magnetization curves and the Mössbauer Spectra show the presence of superparamagnetic nanoparticles in all samples. The hysteresis data indicate that the maximum saturation magnetization of 52 emu g−1 is obtained for the composition with x = 0.25. For x ⩾ 0.5, the saturation magnetization decreases as a result of the cation redistribution within tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) sites which weakens the A–B interactions due to triangular Yafet–Kittel spin arrangement on the B-sublattice. The observed magnetic features are attributed to the confined spaces of the host material which acts as a nanoreactor, limiting the growth of the embedded oxide phase and significantly influencing the cation distribution of copper–zinc ferrite on the A and B sites.

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