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Identification of functional visual field loss by automated static perimetry

Journal article
Authors Lars Frisén
Published in Acta Ophthalmologica
Volume 92
Issue 8
Pages 805-809
ISSN 1755-375X
Publication year 2014
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation
Pages 805-809
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.12405
Keywords functional visual field loss, optic nerve, perimetry, visual fields, PASS RESOLUTION PERIMETRY, GLAUCOMA, BRAIN, Ophthalmology
Subject categories Clinical Medicine

Abstract

PurposeDiagnosis of functional visual field loss, that is, field loss lacking objective corollaries, has long relied on kinetic visual field examinations using tangent screens or manual perimeters. The modern dominance of automated static perimeters requires the formulation of new diagnostic criteria. MethodsRetrospective review of automated perimetry records from 36 subjects meeting clinical and tangent screen criteria for functional visual field loss. Thirty-three normal eyes and 57 eyes with true lesions, including optic nerve compression, glaucoma, anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy and vigabatrin toxicity, served as controls. ResultsStandard automated perimetry statistics were unable to reliably discriminate organic versus non-organic visual field loss. Subjective evaluation of perimetric maps indicated that functional fields generally could be identified by the presence of severe and irregular contractions and depressions that did not conform to the visual system's neuro-architecture. Further, functional fields generally presented one or more isolated threshold spikes', that is, isolated locations showing much better than average sensitivity. On repeated examinations, threshold spikes always changed locations. Visual evaluation for spikes proved superior to an objective computational algorithm. Fairly reliable objective discrimination of functional fields could be achieved by point-wise correlations of repeated examinations: median intertest correlation coefficients equalled 0.47 compared with 0.81 for true lesions. ConclusionFunctional visual loss can be identified by automated static perimetry. Useful criteria include severe and irregular contractions and depressions, the presence of isolated threshold spikes and poor intertest correlations.

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