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Trust Matters: The Impact of Ingroup and Outgroup Trust on Nativism and Civicness

Journal article
Authors M. M. L. Crepaz
Jonathan Polk
R. S. Bakker
S. P. Singh
Published in Social Science Quarterly
Volume 95
Issue 4
Pages 938-959
ISSN 0038-4941
Publication year 2014
Published at Centre for European Research (CERGU)
Department of Political Science
Pages 938-959
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1111/ssqu.12082
Keywords GENERALIZED TRUST, WELFARE-STATE, UNITED-STATES, 3 FORMS, ATTITUDES, DIVERSITY, RUSSIA, SUPPORT, RADIUS, Political Science, Sociology
Subject categories Political Science

Abstract

The objectives of this study are threefold: first, we separate trust into a two-dimensional concept: ingroup trust and outgroup trust. Second, we apply both types of trust to two dependent variables: nativism and civicness, hypothesizing that respondents with ingroup trust should display higher degrees of nativism and lower degrees of civicness while the opposite should apply to respondents with outgroup trust. Third, we control for the traditional trust question in order to determine whether there is any value added by separating trust into two dimensions. Methods. After applying confirmatory factor analysis to a six-item measure in the fifth (2005/2006) wave of theWorld Values Survey, we identify two kinds of trust-"ingroup" and "outgroup." We then use various regressions (linear, ordered logistic, and binary logistic) to estimate their effects on different measures of nativism and civicness. Results. Our results indicate that despite the existence of a moderately strong positive correlation between the two trust measures, once applied to four models of nativism and three models of civicness, these have statistically significant and different relationships, even when controlling for traditional generalized trust. Conclusions. Our conclusions suggest that outgroup trust reduces nativism while ingroup trust tends to increase it, and, counter to expectations, we find that while ingroup trust varies positively and significantly with civicness measures, outgroup trust does not.

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