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From construction candidates to constructicon entries: An experiment using semi-automatic methods for identifying constructions in corpora

Journal article
Authors Markus Forsberg
Richard Johansson
Linnéa Bäckström
Lars Borin
Benjamin Lyngfelt
Joel Olofsson
Julia Prentice
Published in Constructions and Frames
Volume 6
Issue 1, 2014
Pages 114-135
ISSN 1876-1933
Publication year 2014
Published at Department of Swedish
Pages 114-135
Language en
Links http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/cf.6.1.0...
Keywords Constructicon, natural language processing, construction grammar, corpus, Swedish, construction, language technology, association measure, collocation measure
Subject categories General Language Studies and Linguistics, Language Technology (Computational Linguistics), Computational linguistics

Abstract

We present an experiment where natural language processing tools are used to automatically identify potential constructions in a corpus. e experiment was conducted as part of the ongoing efforts to develop a Swedish constructicon. Using an automatic method to suggest constructions has advantages not only for efficiency but also methodologically: it forces the analyst to look more objec-tively at the constructions actually occurring in corpora, as opposed to focusing on “interesting” constructions only. As a heuristic for identifying potential con-structions, the method has proved successful, yielding about 200 (out of 1,200) highly relevant construction candidates.

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