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Gender Differences in Cognitive Performance in Old Age: Adjusting for Longevity

Journal article
Authors Marcus Praetorius
Valgeir Thorvaldsson
Boo Johansson
Linda Hassing
Published in GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 27
Issue 3
Pages 129-134
ISSN 1662-9647
Publication year 2014
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 129-134
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1024/1662-9647/a00011...
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/206759
Keywords cognitive decline , cognitive performance , gender differences , time to death
Subject categories Cognitive science, Psychology

Abstract

Objective: To examine gender differences in level and change of cognitive performance in the oldest old while accounting for gender differences in longevity. Method: 574 individuals, aged 80 years and older, from the OCTO Twin Study. Five cognitive domains were administered at five occasions at 2-year intervals. Results: There were no cognitive differences between men and women, with the exception that men showed a steeper rate of decline in semantic memory. This effect was driven by men who had developed dementia and declined at a faster rate than women. Conclusion: Our results support previous findings showing minor to nonexisting gender differences in cognition among nondemented individuals in very old age when taking gender differences in longevity into account.

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