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Longterm followup of adult men born with hypospadias: Urological and cosmetic results.

Journal article
Authors Lisa Ortqvist
Magdalena Fossum
Marie Andersson
Anna Nordenström
Louise Frisén
Gundela Holmdahl
Agneta Nordenskjöld
Published in The Journal of urology
Volume 193
Issue 3
Pages 975-982
ISSN 1527-3792
Publication year 2015
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 975-982
Language en
Subject categories Pediatrics


PURPOSE: We present data on long-term functional and cosmetic results after hypospadias surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Males older than 18 years with hypospadias treated in Sweden were asked to participate in the study, as well as age matched controls and circumcised men. All participants answered questionnaires, and a subgroup was examined during an outpatient visit. Relationships with outcome were analyzed using analysis of variance and regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 167 patients with a mean age of 34 years and 169 controls with a mean age of 33 years answered the questionnaire. Of the patients 63% had distal, 24% mid and 13% proximal hypospadias. A total of 46 patients and 49 controls presented for physical examination. Patients were significantly less satisfied with the penile cosmetic outcome regarding all parameters of the Penile Perception Score. There was a difference in penile length between patients and controls (mean 9.7 vs 11.6 cm, p <0.001). More patients than controls reported voiding dysfunction symptoms (p = 0.003). Patients had a lower maximum urinary flow rate than controls (p = 0.001). These differences were most prominent between patients with proximal hypospadias and controls. CONCLUSIONS: Men operated on for hypospadias were less satisfied with the cosmetic result than controls, and had a shorter penile length. Patients presented with more symptoms of voiding dysfunction and displayed a lower maximum urinary flow rate. Patients with proximal hypospadias were more affected than those with milder hypospadias. Our results indicate that patients with hypospadias can be subgrouped and that those with severe phenotypes should be followed more closely during childhood as well as later in adulthood.

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