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Chapter in book
Authors David S. Hibbett
Robert Bauer
Manfred Binder
Admir J. Giachini
Kentaro Hosaka
Alfredo Justo
Ellen Larsson
Karl-Henrik Larsson
James D. Lawrey
Otto Miettinen
Laszlo Nagy
R. Henrik Nilsson
Michael Weiß
R. Greg Thorn
Published in The Mycota
Pages 373-429
ISBN 978-3-642-55317-2
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin
Publication year 2014
Published at Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Pages 373-429
Language en
Subject categories Microbiology, Bioinformatics and Systems Biology, Terrestrial ecology, Biological Systematics


Agaricomycetes includes ca. 21,000 described species of mushroom-forming fungi that function as decayers, pathogens, and mutualists in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. The morphological diversity of Agaricomycete fruiting bodies is unparalleled in any other group of fungi, ranging from simple corticioid forms to complex, developmentally integrated forms (e.g., stinkhorns). In recent years, understanding of the phylogenetic relationships and biodiversity of Agaricomycetes has advanced dramatically, through a combination of polymerase chain reaction-based multilocus phylogenetics, phylogenomics, and molecular environmental surveys. Agaricomycetes is strongly supported as a clade and includes several groups formerly regarded as Heterobasidiomycetes, namely the Auriculariales, Sebacinales, and certain Cantharellales (Tulasnellaceae and Ceratobasidiaceae). The Agaricomycetes can be divided into 20 mutually exclusive clades that have been treated as orders. This chapter presents an overview of the phylogenetic diversity of Agaricomycetes, emphasizing recent molecular phylogenetic studies.

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