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Investigation of a putative melanoma susceptibility locus at chromosome 3q29.

Journal article
Authors Rainer Tuominen
Göran Jönsson
Charlotta Enerbäck
Frida Appelqvist
Håkan Olsson
Christian Ingvar
Johan Hansson
Veronica Höiom
Published in Cancer genetics
Volume 207
Issue 3
Pages 70-4
ISSN 2210-7762
Publication year 2014
Published at
Pages 70-4
Language en
Keywords Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3, Cohort Studies, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Lod Score, Melanoma, genetics, Skin Neoplasms, genetics
Subject categories Medical Genetics

Abstract

Malignant melanoma, the most fatal form of skin cancer, is currently increasing in incidence in many populations. Approximately 10% of all cases occur in families with an inherited predisposition for melanoma. In Sweden, only a minor portion of such melanoma families carry a mutation in the known melanoma gene CDKN2A, and there is a need to identify additional melanoma susceptibility genes. In a recently performed genome-wide linkage screen, novel loci with suggestive evidence of linkage to melanoma were detected. In this study, we have further analyzed one region on chromosome 3q29. In all, 89 affected and 15 nonaffected family members from 42 melanoma-prone families were genotyped for 34 genetic markers. In a pooled linkage analysis of all 42 families, we detected significant evidence of linkage, with a maximum heterogeneity logarithm of odds (HLOD) score of 3.1 with 83% of the families contributing to the linkage score. The minimum critical region of linkage (defined by a 1LOD score support interval) maps to chromosome 3q29, spans 3.5 Mb of genomic sequence, and harbors 44 identified genes. Sequence variants within this region have previously been associated with cancer susceptibility. This study reports the presence of a putative novel melanoma susceptibility locus in the Swedish population, a finding that needs to be replicated in an independent study on other individuals with familial melanoma. Sequencing of genes in the region may identify novel melanoma-associated mutations.

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