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Changes in 10-year-old children's body esteem: A time-lag study between 2000 and 2010

Journal article
Authors Ann Frisén
L. Anneheden
Published in Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Volume 55
Issue 2
Pages 123-129
ISSN 0036-5564
Publication year 2014
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 123-129
Language en
Keywords body satisfaction, body dissatisfaction, Sweden, Body esteem, children, time-lag, self-esteem, mass index, weight status, follow-up, adolescents, gender, image, girls, behaviors, dissatisfaction
Subject categories Psychology


This time-lag study examined if there has been any changes in body esteem over a 10-year period for 10-year old children in Gothenburg, Sweden. Two cohorts of children, one in year 2000 and one in 2010, answered the same questionnaire about body esteem. A total of 960 children, 515 girls and 445 boys, participated in the first wave in 2000 and a total of 342 children, 171 girls and 171 boys participated in the second wave in 2010. The results showed a general stability in levels of body esteem for both girls and boys over the past 10years. The gender differences, with boys being more satisfied with their appearance and weight compared to girls also seems to be stable over the years. In addition, the results also showed a somewhat positive development among the overweight girls with enhanced body esteem for the overweight girls compared to the non-overweight girls during the ten years studied. Unfortunately, the same pattern was not found for overweight boys. For them the discrepancy in body esteem compared to non-overweight boys, with the overweight boys being more dissatisfied, found in 2000 remained in 2010.

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