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Impacts of climate change, including acidification, on marine ecosystems and fisheries.

Chapter in book
Authors Keith Brander
Jonathan N. Havenhand
Published in Climate impacts on the Baltic Sea: from science to policy
Pages 129-160
ISBN 978-3-642-25727-8
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin
Publication year 2012
Published at Linnaeus Centre for Marine Evolutionary Biology (CEMEB)
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory
Pages 129-160
Language en
Subject categories Marine ecology


arine ecosystems have always been affected by changes in climate at timescales from decades to millions of years. Since the industrial revolution in the nineteenth century the increase in greenhouse gases (GHG) has caused an accelerating rise in global temperature whose effects on marine biota can be detected at individual, population and ecosystem level. The rising level of CO2 and consequent acidification of the oceans is having an impact on metabolism and calcification in many organisms, with damage to vulnerable ecosystems, such as coral reefs, already occurring. The pH of the oceans is already lower now than it has been for the past 600,000 years.

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