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EPHA2 polymorphisms in Estonian patients with age-related cataract.

Journal article
Authors Dragana Celojevic
Alexandra Abramsson
Mona Seibt Palmér
Gunnar Tasa
Erkki Juronen
Henrik Zetterberg
Madeleine Zetterberg
Published in Ophthalmic genetics
Volume 37
Issue 1
Pages 14-18
ISSN 1744-5094
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry
Pages 14-18
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.3109/13816810.2014.90...
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/188360
Subject categories Ophthalmology

Abstract

Abstract Background: Ephrin receptors (Ephs) are tyrosine kinases that together with their ligands, ephrins, are considered important in cell-cell communication, especially during embryogenesis but also for epithelium homeostasis. Studies have demonstrated the involvement of mutations or common variants of the gene encoding Eph receptor A2 (EPHA2), in congenital cataract and in age-related cataract. This study investigated a number of disease-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in EPHA2 in patients with age-related cataract. Materials and methods: The study included 491 Estonian patients who had surgery for age-related cataract, classified as nuclear, cortical, posterior subcapsular and mixed lens opacities, and 185 controls of the same ethnical origin. Seven SNPs in EPHA2 (rs7543472, rs11260867, rs7548209, rs3768293, rs6603867, rs6678616, rs477558) were genotyped using TaqMan Allelic Discrimination. Statistical analyses for single factor associations used χ(2)-test and logistic regression was performed including relevant covariates (age, sex and smoking). Results: In single-SNP allele analysis, only the rs7543472 showed a borderline significant association with risk of cataract (p = 0.048). Regression analysis with known risk factors for cataract showed no significant associations of the studied SNPs with cataract. Stratification by cataract subtype did not alter the results. Adjusted odds ratios were between 0.82 and 1.16 (95% confidence interval 0.61-1.60). Conclusions: The present study does not support a major role of EphA2 in cataractogenesis in an Estonian population.

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