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Qualitative and quantitative effects of treatment for dental fear and avoidance.

Journal article
Authors Ulf Berggren
Sven G. Carlsson
Published in Anesthesia progress
Volume 33
Issue 1
Pages 9-13
ISSN 0003-3006
Publication year 1986
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 9-13
Language en
Keywords Anesthesia, Dental, Anesthesia, General, Behavior Therapy, Biofeedback, Psychology, Dental Care, psychology, Desensitization, Psychologic, Fear, Humans
Subject categories Psychology


In a Swedish community-based program for the treatment of dental phobic patients, a clinical trial was performed among 99 severely phobic individuals with long-standing avoidance of dental treatment. The modes of treatment compared were dentistry under general anesthesia and a broad-based psychophysiological therapy both followed by conventional dental treatment. Psychometric as well as overt behavioral measures were used to elucidate initial state and changes in patients' dental fear and behaviors. Quantitative and qualitative data are presented of initial and long-term (two years) treatment effects. The results indicate a significantly better effect for the psychophysiological therapy.

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