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Cryptic polychaete diversity: A review

Journal article
Authors Arne Nygren
Published in Zoologica Scripta
Volume 43
Issue 2
Pages 172-183
ISSN 0300-3256
Publication year 2014
Published at Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Pages 172-183
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12044
Subject categories Zoology

Abstract

This review summarises the current knowledge on cryptic species of polychaetes, one of the most dominant taxa in marine communities, and gives a brief overview of the different methods that has been used for their disclosure. Cryptic species constitute an important part of biodiversity and they are common among all kinds of polychaetes, with different life history traits, and may have sympatric as well as allopatric distributions. It is emphasised that cryptic species must not be neglected for a variety of reasons, and even though the magnitude of cryptic species is largely unknown the available data on polychaetes clearly demonstrate that morphology alone seriously underestimate the number of species. It is suggested that future research should focus on appropriately designed case-studies using combined approaches, as well as on large-scale whole sample analyses using next-generation sequencing in order to be able to answer the many questions that still remains. © 2013 The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.

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