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Ethno-regional favouritism in Sub-Saharan Africa

Report
Authors Pelle Ahlerup
Ann-Sofie Isaksson
ISSN 1403-2465
Publication year 2014
Published at Gothenburg Centre for Globalization and Development (GCGD)
Department of Economics
Language en
Links hdl.handle.net/2077/35392
Keywords ethnic favouritism, regional favouritism, Africa
Subject categories Economics

Abstract

Studies of political favouritism in Africa often treat ethnic and regional favouritism as interchangeable concepts. The present paper distinguishes between the two and investigates their relative influence in Sub-Saharan Africa. Focusing on whether individuals perceive their ethnic group to be unfairly treated by government, we assess the importance of being a co-ethnic of the country president, of living in the president’s region of origin and of the regional share of president co-ethnics. Empirical findings drawing on detailed individual level survey data covering more than 19 000 respondents across 15 African countries suggest that ethnic and regional favouritism are not the same, but rather have independent effects.

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