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Extreme irgarol tolerance in an Ulva lactuca L. population on the Swedish west coast

Journal article
Authors Ida Wendt
Åsa Arrhenius
Thomas Backhaus
Annelie Hilvarsson
Kristina Holm
K. Langford
Timur Tunovic
Hans Blanck
Published in Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume 76
Issue 1-2
Pages 360-364
ISSN 0025-326X
Publication year 2013
Published at Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Pages 360-364
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013...
Keywords Ulva lactuca, Irgarol 1051, Cybutryne, The Gullmar fjord, Antifouling, Spore settlement, Resistance, ABUTILON-THEOPHRASTI BIOTYPE, ECOLOGICAL RISK-ASSESSMENT, PHOTOSYSTEM-II, ENTEROMORPHA-INTESTINALIS, PERIPHYTON COMMUNITIES, HERBICIDE RESISTANCE, ATRAZINE RESISTANCE, MARINE PERIPHYTON, TOXICITY, CHLOROPHYTA
Subject categories Biological Sciences

Abstract

The herbicide irgarol 1051 is commonly used on ship hulls to prevent growth of algae, but as a component of self-eroding paints it can also spread in the surrounding waters and affect non-target organisms. The effect of irgarol on settlement and growth of zoospores from the marine macro algae Ulva lactuca from the Gullmar fjord on the Swedish west coast was investigated in the present study. The zoospores were allowed to settle and grow in the presence of irgarol, but neither settlement - nor growth inhibition was observed at concentrations of up to 2000 nmol l(-1). This is between 10 and 100 times higher than effect concentrations reported earlier for algae. Irgarol also induced the greening effect (4-fold increase in chlorophyll a content) in the settled zoospore/germling population, typical for photosystem II inhibitors like irgarol. This study support previous findings that irgarol constitutes a selection pressure in the marine environment. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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