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Person-centred care inluences the belief in medication in patients with chronic heart failure

Poster
Authors Kerstin Dudas
Lars-Eric Olsson
Karl Swedberg
Axel Wolf
Inger Ekman
Published in European Journal of Heart Failure.
Volume 12
Issue Supplement 1
Pages 30
ISSN 1567-4215
Publication year 2013
Published at University of Gothenburg Centre for person-centred care (GPCC)
Institute of Health and Care Sciences
Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Pages 30
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hst007
Subject categories Health Sciences

Abstract

Purpose: Many patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) seem to fail in adherence to prescribed medication. Confidence in the prescribed medication as well as misconceptions in communication between patient and health care professionals, are well known factors contributing to patients’ adherence. Moreover, patients with CHF have to manage a complex medication treatment and non-adherence seems to be more likely if there is a lack of belief in medication. Person-centered care (PCC) emphasizes partnership between patient and health care professionals including the creation of a common care-plan. Therefore we evaluated if PCC affects patients’ beliefs about prescribed medicines compared to usual care in patients hospitalized for worsening CHF. Methods: Using a controlled before-and-after design, patients hospitalized for worsening CHF were assigned to either a usual care group or a PCC intervention group. Patient-reported belief about their medication was assessed with the Belief about Medication Questionnaire (BMQ). The BMQ consists of three domains: 1) General harm, 2) General overuse, and 3) General Benefit. Results: In total, 248 patients were included in the study; 123 in the usual care group and 125 in the PCC intervention. The PCC group had a significant better score than the usual care group in the BMQ domain General Overuse, mean=9.06 (SD=2.20) vs. mean =9.76, (SD= 4.48) ( p=0.04). There were no differences between the PCC group and the Usual care group in the domain General Harm p=0.70 [mean=12.6 (SD=3.1) vs. mean =12.9 (SD= 3.4)].and General Benefit p=0.31 [mean=16.5 (SD=2.2) vs. mean =16.8 (SD= 2.0]. Conclusion: We found that patients receiving PCC did not belief that medication is overused to the same extent as patients in usual care. These results support our previous findings of less feeling of uncertainty in relation to illness and medication, shorter length of hospital stay and better functional status by applying PCC.

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